Geology (from the Greek "ge " for "earth" and "logos", "study") is the science and study of the solid Earth and the processes by which it is shaped and changed. Geology provides primary evidence for plate tectonics, the history of life and evolution, and past climates. In modern times, geology is commercially important for mineral and hydrocarbon exploration, is publicly important for predicting and understanding natural hazards, plays an essential role in geotechnical engineering, and is a major academic discipline.
Transfer Preparation for Geology
Geology majors are highly recommended, at a minimum, to take the following courses before transferring:
• GEOL 100, 101, 104
• PHS 101, 110
• GEOG 150
Other Course Recommendations
BIOL 100, 101, CHEM 200, CHEM 210, MATH 130, MATH 250, MATH 251, MATH 252, PHYS 270, PHYS 271, PHYS 272, PHYS 274
Major Branches of Geology and Career Options
• Economic Geologist
Economic geologists help locate and manage the Earth's natural resources, such as petroleum and coal, as well as mineral resources, which include metals such as iron, copper, and uranium.
• Mining Geologist
Mining geology consists of the extractions of mineral resources from the Earth. Some resources of economic interests include gemstones, metals, and many minerals such as asbestos, perlite, mica, phosphates, zeolites, clay, pumice, quartz, and silica, as well as elements such as sulfur, chlorine, and helium.
• Petroleum Geologist
Petroleum geologists study locations of the subsurface of the Earth which can contain extractable hydrocarbons, especially petroleum and natural gas. Because many of these reservoirs are found in sedimentary basins, they study the formation of these basins, as well as their sedimentary and tectonic evolution and the present-day positions of the rock units.
• Engineering Geologist
Engineering geology is the application of the geologic principles to engineering practice for the purpose of assuring that the geologic factors affecting the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of engineering works are properly addressed.
In the field of civil engineering, geological principles and analyses are used in order to ascertain the mechanical principles of the material on which structures are built. This allows tunnels to be built without collapsing, bridges and skyscrapers to be built with sturdy foundations, and buildings to be built that will not settle in clay and mud.
Other Career Options for Geology
In addition to the above, here are some other career options: soil engineer, teacher/professor, park ranger, land use planner, geochemist, astrogeologist, planetary scientist, marine geologist, volcanologist, seismologist.
• Ken Yanow, M.S., M.A. firstname.lastname@example.org
• GEOL 100 Principles of Geology
• GEOL 101 General Geology Laboratory
• GEOL 104 Introduction to Earth Science
• GEOL 295 Selected Topics in Geology
• GEOL 299 Independent Study