GIS&T integrates innovative tools and techniques that enables users to view and analyze temporal and spatial information. Ultimately, GIS&T helps to solve problems by looking at data in a way that is readily understood and easily shared.
The ability of GIS&T to manage, correlate, predict, model, and share spatial information – visually and dynamically – makes GIS&T an essential component for any spatial discipline, including (but not limited to) geography, geology, environmental science, biology, political science, anthropology, humanities, criminal justice, health, history, economics, real estate, and military science.
Major Branches of GIS&T
Geographic Information Systems
Geographic information systems (GIS) deal with the storage of information about the Earth for automatic retrieval by a computer, in an accurate manner appropriate to the information's purpose. In addition to all of the other sub-disciplines of geography, GIS specialists must understand computer science and database systems. GIS has revolutionized the field of cartography; nearly all mapmaking is now done with the assistance of some form of GIS software. GIS also refers to the science of using GIS software and GIS techniques to represent, analyze and predict spatial relationships. In this context, GIS stands for Geographic Information Science.
Remote sensing is the science of obtaining information about Earth features from measurements made at a distance. Remotely sensed data comes in many forms such as satellite imagery, aerial photography and data obtained from hand-held sensors. Geographers increasingly use remotely sensed data to obtain information about the Earth's land surface, ocean and atmosphere because it: a) supplies objective information at a variety of spatial scales (local to global), b) provides a synoptic view of the area of interest, c) allows access to distant and/or inaccessible sites, d) provides spectral information outside the visible portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, and e) facilitates studies of how features/areas change over time. Remotely sensed data may be analyzed either independently of, or in conjunction with, other digital data layers (e.g., in a Geographic Information System).
Transfer and/or Graduation Preparation for GIS&T
All transferring students are encouraged to complete the Track I Certification program (see below). Students seeking an entry level position as a GIS&T Technician, are encouraged to complete the Track II Certification program. All courses in the GIS&T program are 8-weeks in length and 100% online.
Tracks for GIS&T
• GEOG 145 or 150, 151, 152
• GEOG 145 or 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155
Other Course Recommendations for GIS&T
It is recommended that all Track II students complete MATH 119 (Elementary Statistics), and MATH 130 (Introduction to Computer Programming).
Geography Courses for GIS&T
- GEOG 145 Information to Mapping and Geographic Information Science (GIS)
- GEOG 150 Geographic Information Science and Spatial Reasoning
- GEOG 151 Intermediate GIS – Techniques and Analyses
- GEOG 152 Advanced GIS – Project Design and Applications
- GEOG 153 GIS Internship
- GEOG 154 Introduction to Remote Sensing
- GEOG 155 Introduction to Image Analysis